Procedure where an independent third party inspects forest management and utilization practices to assess compliance with a set of ecological, economic and social standards for sustainable forestry.

Certified Tree Marker

Individual who decides what to cut and what to leave in partial-cut harvests and is responsible for compliance with all ecological standards and guidelines (i.e. wildlife habitat retention).


A method of harvesting used in even-aged stands, involving the removal of all or most trees in an area in one operation.

Crown Land

Land owned by the Crown – owned by all Canadians and is administered and regulated by the gov­ernment.


The removal of a forest and replacement with something else; transformation of forest area to non-forest.